Metals and Non-metals


Metals and Non-metals
Q: Why almost all non-metals are oxidizing agents while metals are reducing agents?

Ans:    Because in reactions, metals always lose their electrons being very electropositive (bigger in size in their period and having less number of electrons in their outer most shells) and non-metals gain these electrons being very electronegative. So metals cause reduction of other elements/compounds and they themselves oxidize and while non-metals cause oxidation of other elements/compounds and they themselves reduce. That’s why they are known as reducing and oxidizing agents.

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